THE YEAR 600 A.D. - THE CATHOLIC CHURCH IN THE EAST
era is characterized by the slow growing influence of the Papacy
over the development of a new, united Europe. Europe was going to be
united by Catholicism under the papacy, a unity they had never
experienced and will never experience again in the future because
they had set aside what united them -- the Catholic teachings with
the Pope as its head.
wild Teutonic tribes, firstly, the Lombards of Italy, at first
Arians, became Catholics; the Visigoths of Spain developed rapidly
into a powerful independent Catholic state where bishops and kings
cooperated in the administration of the country. The Franks in Gaul
(France) maintained the Catholic faith they had previously accepted
and the Anglo-Saxons of England were won back to the Faith.
these events contributed to the shaping of a new Europe, Catholic
first and German, Celtic, Roman, second. It will show that the
Catholic Church with the Pope as its head is the only force that
exists today which can unite diverse nations and people. And if
Europe will break up 900 years later, it is not because it was
Catholic but because it was not Catholic enough.
this century was still filled with confusion because emperors kept
on interfering with the Church. In their desire for unity, as they
defended themselves against the onslaught of the Arabs, emperors
tried to reconcile the Church with other Christian heresies, like
(602) was the first eastern emperor crowned in church and the first
to acknowledge the universal supremacy of the Pope in Rome.
(610) drove away and practically destroyed the Persian Empire.
However, in his desire to unite Catholics and Christian heretics, he
advanced a formula, the Ecthesis, which was a heretical
Constans (642) advanced another formula to unite Catholics and
heretics called the Type. The Pope rejected the formula and the
emperor banished the Pope. As punishment from God, the Moslems
attacked the Eastern kingdom, forcing Constans to flee to Rome.
Disobedient bishops, like the Bishop of Ravenna, joined the
(685), as emperor, interfered greatly with the Church. He tried to
force the Eastern practice of married clergy on the whole Catholic
Church. Pope Sergius rejected this Trullan Synod attended by many
bishops and dethroned the emperor.