THE YEAR 500 A.D.
emperor had abandoned Rome and had gone to the East. Rome was left
without a leader. This made Pope Leo head of the Church and
political head of Rome.
of Church and State had a rough beginning. Though later it would end
up in a happy marriage.
this time Empress Theodora had Pope Silverius imprisoned for life.
And Emperor Justinian forced Pope Vigilius to sign a shameful
statement. Theoodoric, after receiving great favors from the Pope,
imprisoned Pope John I. After this, the Pope took a stronger stand
against the Emperor and here began the birth of the papal kingdoms.
Popes would become spiritual heads and worldly kings...the latter
caused the Papacy and the Church great problems later on.
this time, too, Popes were nominated by their predecessors. And
doctrines that were clearly established in the Church were Papal
infallibility, the Divinity of Christ and the Divine Maternity of
the Blessed Virgin Mary, the importance of Tradition (i.e., the
writings of the Fathers of the Church) and the obligations of
membership in the Church.